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A complement is a word or phrase placed after the predicate that adds information about the action experienced including time, probably, direction, outcome, degree, or quantity. For example:(补语是放在谓语后边的词或词组,补充说明动作经历的时间、可能、趋向、结果、程度或数量。比如:) a.我说了两次。 (I said that two times.)  The complement “两次” is located after the verb predicate “说”.(补语“两次”放在动词谓语“说”的后边。) b.他高一点。 The complement 一点 is placed after the adjective predicate “高”.(He is a little taller.) (补语“一点”放在形容词谓语“高”的后边。) […]

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状语是修饰、限制谓语的词或词组。 Adverbial adjuncts are words or phrases that decorate or limit the predicate. 1.状语在动词谓语的前边 (An adverbial adjunct located before a verb predicate) a.我今天去了银行。 (I went to the bank today.) b.我只有一间行李。 (I only have one piece of luggage.) 2.状语在形容词谓语的前边(An adverbial adjunct located before an adjective predicate) a.孩子很高兴 (The child is very happy.) 状语必需放在中心语前边。各类词和词组可以充当状语。结构助词“地”放在状语后边。副词基本作用是充当状语。比如: The adverbial adjunct must be placed before the […]

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中文有很多表示比较的方法,包括: In Chinese, there are many ways to express comparison, including: 1.介词“比” (The preposition 比) 这个比那个贵。 (This one is more expensive than that one.) 2.介词“跟” (The preposition 跟.) 你跟你爸一样。 (You are the same as your father.) 3.动词“象” (The verb 象) 你象个孩子一样这么说话。 (You sound like a child when you talk like that.) 4.动词“有” (The verb 有) 你有你爸高吗? (Are you as tall […]

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用特殊动词谓语的句子包括(Sentences using special verbal predicates): 1.“是”字句(是 Sentences) 2.“有”字句(有 Sentences) 3.“被”字句(被 Sentences) 4.“把”字句(把 Sentences) 5.存现句(Existential sentences) 6.兼语句(Pivotal sentences) 7.连动句(Sentence with verbs in series) “是”字句是 Sentences “是”字句用动词“是”作谓语。比如: The 是 sentence uses the verb 是 as the predicate. For example, 1.他是我的朋友。 (He is my friend.) “是”字句的基本格式是:主语 + “是” + 宾语。 (The basic form of the 是 sentence is: subject + 是 + object.) […]

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Names of Radicals and Character Parts中文偏旁部首名称 偏旁,又称部件,是合体字的结构单位。原来把合体字的左边称「偏」,右边称「旁」;后来把合体字的结构部分统称为「偏旁」。比如位于合体字的左面,称「左偏旁」;右面,称「右偏旁」。 Pianpang are components of characters that are made up of more than one part. Originally, the left part of composite characters was referred to as “pian” and the right side referred to as “pang.” Now, all parts of compound characters are generally referred to as “pianpang.” For example, the left part of a […]

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Aspects of an Action 动作的状态 动作的状态包括进行、持续和完成。汉语里常用副词和动态助词表示动作的状态。 The states of an action include progression, continuation, and completion. In Chinese adverbs and aspectual particles are often used to express the state of an action. #1 . The Progressive Aspect of an Action 动作的进行 副词“正”、“在”、“正在”放在谓语动词前边表示动作正在进行。语气助词“呢”也可以加在句尾。比如: The adverbs “正 、在”and “正在” placed in front of a predicate verb indicate that the action is in […]

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List of Common Nominal Measure Words 常见名量词表 简体 Simplified 繁体 Traditional 拼音 Pinyin 英文 English 常见搭配的名词 Common Matching Nouns 把   bǎ measure word for chairs, bunches of things, etc 宝剑 菜 茶壶 铲 铲子 叉子 尺 尺子 锄 锤 锤子 刀 刀子 斧 斧子 好手 壶 花 花生 胡琴 胡子 家伙 剑 剪刀 剪子 劲 锯 筷子 镰刀 力气 […]

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单句Simple Sentences 句子是按照语法规定用词和词组构成,表示一个完整的意思。单句一般是用主语和谓语构成的。句子也可以主谓句和非主谓句两种。主谓句用主语和谓语两个部分。比如: Sentences are formed from words and phrases using grammatical rules to express a complete idea. In general, simple sentences are composed of a subject and a predicate. Sentences can also be classified as either subject-predicate sentences or non subject-predicate sentences. Subject-predicate sentences use a subject section and a predicate section. For example: 1.他 学习物理学。 (He studies physics.) […]

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