Yusi School

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1 . WHAT’S YOUR FAMILY NAME? (您贵姓)

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Nín guìxìng?
您贵姓
Wǒxìng Zhāng Nǐjiào shénme míngzi?
我姓张你叫什么名字
Wǒjiào Zhāng Jīngshēng.
我叫张京生
Tāxìng shénme?
他姓什么
Tāxìng Wāng
他姓王

Translation
– What’s your (family) name?
– My family name is Zhang.
– What’s your first name?
– My first name is Jingsheng.
– What’s his family name?
– His family name is Wang.

New Words:
您 nín (pro) you (respectful)
贵 guì (adj) honour
姓 xìng (n) surname (v) be surnamed, last name
我 wǒ (pro) I, me
张 Zhāng (n) (a surname)
你 nǐ (pro) you
叫 jiào (v) call
什么 shénme (pro) what
名字 míngzi (n) name
他 tā (pro) he

2. WHO IS HE? (他是谁)

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Tāshìshéi?
他是谁?
Tāshìwǒdelǎoshī.
他是我的老师.
Nǐrènshi tāma?
你认识他吗?
Rènshi, tāshìZhāng lǎoshīde xuésheng.
认识,他是张老师的学生。

Translation
– Who is it (he)?
– He is my teacher.
– Do you know him?
– Yes, he is a student of teacher Zhang.

New Words:
是 shì (v) be
谁 shéi (pro) who
的 de (part) (possessive particle)
我的 wǒde (pro) my
老师 lǎoshī (n) teacher
认识 rènshi (v) know

3. WHAT’S YOUR FRIEND’S NAME? (你的朋友叫什么名字?)

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Nǐde péngyou jiào shénme míngzi?
你的朋友叫什么名字?
Tāxìng Lǐ, jiào LǐDàhǎi.
他姓李,叫李大海。
Lǐshìtāde xìng, hǎi shìShànghǎi de hǎi.
李是他的姓,海是上海的海。

Translation
– What is your friend’s name?
– His family name is Li, his first name is Dahai.
– Li is his family name, “hai” is the same “hai” than in Shanghai.

New Words:
你的 nǐde (pro) your
朋友 péngyou (n) friend
李 Lǐ (n) (a surname)
他的 tāde (pro) his
海 hǎi (n) sea
上海 Shànghǎi (n) Shanghai

GRAMMAR
Question with an interrogative pronoun
A question with an interrogative pronoun has the same word order as that of a declarative sentence.
Example:
– 他是谁?Who is he?
– 他是我的学生。He is my student.
The interrogative particle 吗
When the interrogative particle 吗 (ma) is added at the end of a declarative sentence, it becomes a question.
Example:
– 你认识他。You know him.
– 你认识他吗?Do you know him?
– 他是老师。He is a teacher.
– 他是老师吗?Is he a teacher?
The possessive particle 的
When used attributively to show possession, a noun usually takes the structural particle 的 (de) after it.
Example:
– 我的老师 my teacher
– 老师的学生teacher’s student

4 Responses so far.

  1. AlanaPrice says:

    It is cool that we are able to take the business loans and this opens up completely new possibilities.

  2. ROBERT RUSSELL says:

    This lesson has the pinyin and is very useful. Thanks.

  3. ROBERT RUSSELL says:

    But the places without the pinyin are not useful. I may learn Characters through these lessons, but it will not work without the pinyin. So most of this lesson has the pinyin, The last pard does not, and is lost to me. but where the pinyin is available, it is great. Thanks.

  4. ROBERT RUSSELL says:

    Again, the grammar section does not have the pinyin and is not useful, but it is an important part of the lesson lost to me.

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